11 Phrases You Must Know Proper Now

Information concerning the coronavirus outbreak is available in quick and livid—the phrases and data might be overwhelming, advanced and generally complicated. What’s the distinction between quarantine and isolation, and what do public well being officers imply precisely after they speak about phrases like novel virus and COVID-19? Understanding these and different phrases is essential to staying knowledgeable, so that you and your loved ones can keep secure and wholesome. We’re right here to clear up the confusion and outline 11 vital phrases it’s worthwhile to know proper now.

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Coronavirus vs. Novel Virus vs. COVID-19

coronavirus terms


It’s not only one sort of virus; it’s a big household of viruses that may make animals and folks sick, explains the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC). There are a number of coronaviruses recognized to trigger respiratory infections in human, starting from the frequent chilly to extra extreme illnesses. “Corona” refers back to the crown-like spikes on the floor of the virus.

Novel Virus

The CDC explains that “Novel” merely means “new,” subsequently a novel virus is a brand new pressure that hasn’t been beforehand recognized. The virus inflicting the present outbreak is a novel coronavirus.


That’s the abbreviated title of the sickness brought on by the newly found coronavirus. “The brand new title of this illness is coronavirus illness 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for illness,” says the CDC.

Epidemic vs. Pandemic



An epidemic is an outbreak of a illness that spreads rapidly and instantly and impacts a lot of folks in a neighborhood, inhabitants or area, says the CDC.


In accordance with the Affiliation for Professionals in An infection Management and Epidemiology (APIC), a pandemic is a worldwide outbreak. An epidemic can grow to be a pandemic when a illness spreads over a number of international locations or continents, explains the CDC. “On March 11th, 2020, the World Well being Group formally modified its designation of COVID-19, the sickness brought on by a coronavirus, from an epidemic to a pandemic,” says Merriam-Webster.

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Individual-to-Individual vs. Neighborhood Unfold

community spread terms

Individual-to-Individual Unfold

“COVID-19 is assumed to unfold primarily by way of shut contact from person-to-person in respiratory droplets from somebody who’s contaminated,” says the CDC. They clarify that when an contaminated individual coughs, sneezes or talks, small droplets are launched into the air and may find yourself within the nostril, mouth or lungs of somebody shut by.  Some research present that it might even be unfold by individuals who aren’t displaying signs.

Neighborhood Unfold

Typically the precise trigger or supply of the an infection is unknown. In accordance with the CDC, neighborhood unfold is when somebody will get the virus in an space with out understanding how or the place they grew to become contaminated. Merriam-Webster defines neighborhood unfold as, “the unfold of a contagious illness to people in a selected geographic location who don’t have any recognized contact with different contaminated people or who haven’t not too long ago traveled to an space the place the illness has any documented instances.”

Social Distancing vs. Social Isolation vs. Quarantine

social distancing terms

Social Distancing

Reducing and avoiding face-to-face contact is among the greatest methods to keep away from being uncovered to the virus and sluggish its unfold, says the CDC. Social distancing doesn’t imply you must keep indoors always. However whenever you do step outdoors for train or grocery procuring, you must maintain distance between your self and folks outdoors your house—not less than six toes of distance, based on public well being consultants. Don’t collect in teams, keep out of crowded areas and keep away from mass gatherings, suggests the CDC.

Social Isolation

The operative phrase is to isolate (or separate) sick folks from wholesome folks, says the CDC. In case you are contaminated with the virus, it is best to keep residence and separate your self right into a “sick” bed room or different house, if doable.


This serves the identical goal as social isolation. Nevertheless, it’s used for individuals who might need been uncovered to COVID-19 to see in the event that they grow to be sick, explains the CDC. They clarify that quarantine, “separates and restricts the motion of people that have been uncovered to a contagious illness” so that they don’t unknowingly infect another person.

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Correct Handwashing

hand washing terms

The final however definitely not the least of our phrases is correct handwashing. Protecting your palms clear is among the handiest methods to assist forestall the virus from spreading. Keep away from touching your eyes, nostril and mouth with unwashed palms. Remember to wash them typically, particularly after you will have been in a public place or after blowing your nostril, coughing or sneezing. Right here’s the correct strategy to wash your palms, based on the CDC:

Moist your palms with clear heat or chilly water.
Apply cleaning soap to your palms and rub them collectively to lather the cleaning soap. Ensure you get the backs of your palms, between your fingers and below nails.
Proceed rubbing your palms collectively for not less than 20 seconds. “Want a timer? Hum the “Glad Birthday” track from starting to finish twice,” recommends the CDC.
Rinse the cleaning soap off of your palms with clear, working water.
Use a clear towel to dry your palms. You can too permit them to air dry.
If you happen to don’t have entry to cleaning soap and clear water, use a hand sanitizer that accommodates not less than 60% alcohol.

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*In case you are experiencing any signs or have any health-related questions pertaining to COVID-19, remember to seek the advice of together with your physician and observe the CDC pointers.

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